Archive for March, 2011

The zoo animals require specially designed enclosure to make their lives in captive as comfortable as possible. Properly designed enclosures also afford better visibility to visitors without unduly disturbing their inmates. The enclosures of this zoo have been carefully designed keeping these two broad aims in mind.

The following are the main enclosures of the Biological Park.

Monkey Enclosure

This houses Rhesus Macaques and has four retiring cells, a wet moat along part of the periphery. In the open courtyard of the outer enclosure, there are some rockery work and an artificial tree.

Gharial and Crocodile Enclosures

There is a central wet moat with sufficient dry space around it so that these reptiles can bask in the sun.

Barking Deer Enclosure

This has been divided into two parts, one housing barking deer and the other blackbucks. The blackbucks will soon have their own enclosure.

The barking deer enclosure has four retiring cells, a number of trees and other vegetation. It is surrounded on all sides, except the retiring cells, by a dry moat.

Snake House

This has proper arrangements for temperature and humidity regulation. The snake house has 15 cells of different sizes which can house about 50 snakes of different species. The front side of each cell is made of glass.

Chital Enclosure

This is an open enclosure with feeding platforms, water trough, temporary sheds and some trees to provide shelter from extreme weather conditions.

Nilgai Enclosure

It is surrounded by a dry moat and has four retiring cells. It is a thickly wooded open enclosure with many young sal trees. The enclosure has feeding platforms and water troughs.

Sambar Enclosure

This is an open enclosure having feeding platform and water troughs and kraal facilities. It has a dry moat on two sides and a chain link mesh fence on the other sides.
Trees are being raised in the enclosure to provide the animals protection from extreme weather conditions.

Elephant Enclosure

It is bounded on two sides by a dry moat. There are three philkhanas and two bath tanks. There is a pucca bridge on the moat which enables the elephants to come out for a stroll in the Park every day.

Wolf Enclosure

Bounded by a dry moat, the outer enclosure is under thick vegetation of sal, bushes and shrubs.
Currently it houses surplus hyenas as the Park has no wolves at present.

Hyena Enclosure

It is bounded by a dry moat and has two dens. Like the wolf enclosure, this one is also thickly wooded.

Lion Enclosures

The lion enclosure, which currently has hybrid lions, is bounded by a dry moat on one side and chain link mesh fence on the remaining sides. The pucca structure in the enclosure has four retiring cells, one squeeze cage, two dens and two nurseries. The outer enclosure is like a grassland.

Tiger Enclosures

There are two of them situated side-by-side. Each is bounded by a dry moat on one side and chain link mesh fence on the remaining sides. The pucca house in each enclosure has four retiring cells, one squeeze cage, two dens and two nurseries.
The outer part of the enclosure have moderately dense vegetation of grasses, bushes and trees.

Gaur Enclosure

This houses bisons(Gaurs).
It is bounded on all sides, with stone wall, has a feeding platform and a water lax. The enclosure thickly wooded. Sufficient vegetation in the form of grass, shrubs, bushes
and trees exist in the enclosure which made the enclosing ideal for these magnificent animals.

Aviaries

There are six different aviaries with varying segments. These include the newly constructed walk around aviary, the emu enclosure and the mute swan enclosure.

Other Attractions

The zoo also has a Rose Garden and a number of well-laid-out gardens. There is also children’s park.

Boating facilities are available in the artificial lake within the zoo.

Click here to download Animal Adoption Scheme brochure
Click here to download brochure (English)
Click here to download brochure (Hindi)

For taking care of animal health requirements, there is a full-time experienced veterinarian and a trained compounder. They regularly monitor the health of animals and take / suggest suitable preventive and curative measures. If need be, help from Ranchi Veterinary college and also from local practicing veterinarians or form other zoos is taken.

Infrastructure for animal health care.

(a) A well equipped operation theatre and pathological laboratory.

(b) Isolation wards to facilitate treatment and nursing of sick/injured and orphan animals.

(c) A quarantine ward to house the rescued and newly acquired animals having small and big cells with open / closed nurseries.

(d) A well-equipped post-mortem room.

Zoo Hospital

This hospital takes care of the veterinary needs of the zoo inmates. A full fledged veterinarian and a trained compounder work in the hospital. Necessary equipment,
tools and machines are available in the hospital.

Incinerator

Carcasses of dead animals are disposed of by burning them in the wood-based incinerator.

Ban on usage of plastic articles

Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park, Ranchi has banned usage of plastic covers/bags inside the zoo.

Sufficient number of warning boards prohibiting use of such articles inside the zoo have been put up at many places. Visitors are screened for plastic articles at the entrance gate.

Feed Godown-cum-Kitchen

This facility caters to the feed requirements of wild animals of the zoo in a very systematic manner. Different types of diets are prepared in the kitchen every day according to the need-based prescriptions for the animals. The work of preparing of various diets for animals requires utmost care, vigilance and patience from the staff of the zoo. Feed articles are procured through tender. However, green fodder is mostly produced internally. Due importance is given to the quality and quantity of the feed article supplied to the zoo. Every feed article supplied to the zoo is properly checked for its quality and quantity by the staff before it is taken to the stock.

Providing wholesome diet in required quantity to the zoo immates is one of the two highest priority considerations adopted by the zoo administration, the other being the animals health care.

Visitors facilities

The zoo has taken great pains to take care of the needs of the visitors. Vehicle parking is available for a fee. The zoo has provided toilets, drinking water, and rest areas at various points. While using these facilities, remember to keep them clean.

First aid and canteen facilities are available near the main gate. Anti-venom is also stocked to treat victims of snake bite. Wheel-chairs are available for physically handicapped visitors. Kiosks are available by the side of the lake. These serves as refreshment centres. For those who find walking strenuous, and electric vehicle is available which tours the major routes of the zoo. Enquire at the ticketing counter to book seats in this vehicle. The enclosures have been provided with well-researched, informative write-ups which contain useful information about the animals. Do not fail to read them.

Timings

The Biological park is open on all days of the week, except Monday, from 9 am to 5 pm. In winter, tickets are issued till 4 pm, and in summer till 4.30 pm.

. Drinking water facility

. Rest area / sit outs / visitor sheds at convenient locations

. First aid facility

. Wheel chairs for physically handicapped person

. Signages

. Toilets

. Kiosks

. Battery operated bus service

. Information centre

. Guide maps

. Canteen

Ban on usage of plastic articles

Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park, Ranchi has banned usage of plastic covers/bags inside the zoo.
Sufficient number of warning boards prohibiting use of such articles inside the zoo have been put up at many places. Visitors are screened for plastic articles at
the entrance gate.

Feed Godown-cum-Kitchen
This facility caters to the feed requirements of wild animals of the zoo in a very systematic manner. Different types of diets are prepared in the kitchen every day according
to the need-based prescriptions for the animals. The work of preparing of various diets for animals requires utmost care, vigilance and patience from the staff of the zoo.
Feed articles are procured through tender. However, green fodder is mostly produced internally. Due importance is given to the quality and quantity of the feed
article supplied to the zoo. Every feed
article supplied to the zoo is properly checked for its quality and quantity by the staff before it is taken to the stock.
Garden Section
The zoo has around 5 acres of land under gardens or lawns at different places inside the zoo. There are nearly 1000 potted plants also. A big lawn-cum-garden by the side
of the lake is a centre of great attraction for visitors. This facility has been developed to break the monotony of the visitors, make them feel fresh and near the nature and also
to encourage them to spend their leisure time in peace and tranquility.

Since the Park is located within a natural forest, it has an interesting vegetational profile. The dominant species is sal, but a number of associated species also abound. A detailed list of the flora is given below.

Local Name Botanical Name
Acacia Acacia auriculaeformis
Ach Morinda tinctoria
Amaltash Cassia fistuala
Amla Emblica officinalis
Arjun Terminalia arjuna
Asan Terminalia bellerica
Bahera Terminalia belerica
Bakain Melia azadirech
Banyan Ficus bengalensis
Bel Aegle marmelos
Ber Zizyphus jujuba
Bhelwa Semicarpus anacardium
Bistendu Diospyro montana
Black Siris Albizzia lebbeck
Bottle Brush Bridelia retusa
Chakundi Cassia siamea
Chiretta Swertia pulchella
Choranth Heteropogan contortus
Copper Pod Peltopphorum ferrugineum
Dhawain Woodfordia fruiticosa
Gamhar Gmelina arborea
Guava Psidium guava
Gulmohar Delonix regia
Haldu Adina cordifolia
Harra Terminalia chebula
Jamun Zyzygium cuminii
Jirhur Indigofera pulchella
Kachnar Bauhinia variegata
Kadamb Anthocephalus cadamba
Karanj Pongamia glabra
Kathber Zizyphus xylocarpa
Kend Diospyros melanoxylon
Kusum Scliechera oleosa
Lathi/Male Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus
Mango Mangifera indica
Maulan Bauhinia Vahlii
Moraba Agave sps.
Neem Azadiracta indica
Palas Butea monosperma
Piar Buchanania latifolia
Pipal Ficus religiosa
Putranjeeva Putranjiva roxburghii
Putri Croton oblongifolius
Putus Lantana camara
Ramdhatwar smilex parviflora
Sal Shorea robusta
Sandan OUgenia dalbergioides
Semal Bombax ceiba
Sharifa Anona squamosa
Sidha Lagerstroemia parviflora
Sisam Delbergia sisoo
Tamarind Tamarindus indica
Teak Tectona grandis
Toon Cerela toona
White Siris Albizzia procera
Wild Karonda Carissa spinarum

birsaBhagwan Birsa Biological Park, Ranchi is one of the most beautiful zoos in India, located in the lap of a beautiful natural surrounding. Unlike most of the zoos, it covers over 104 ha. of mildly undulating topography with natural dry deciduous forest, in and around water bodies and other natural features that provide the wild animals natural habitat to live in harmony with the nature. It is situated on the Ranchi-Ramgarh section of National Highway 33, about 20 kms from Ranchi & in the vicinity of Chakla village, Block-Ormanjhi, Dist-Ranchi, Jharkhand. The National Highway segments the site in two unequal halves, the smaller section being the botanical section and the larger one being unequal halves, the smaller section being the botanical section and the larger one being the zoological section. It was dedicated to the public on 26th January, 1994. Around 4 lakh visitors visit the zoo every year. Most of the inmates of this Biological Park live in open, large moated areas surrounded by natural vegetation. This gives them a feeling of living in their natural habitat.

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